Papillomas occur in people infected with HPV. External manifestations occur as a result of reduced immunity and a number of different factors. Papillomas rarely cause any discomfort when they appear on the body, but neoplasms with multiple localizations or dense locations can be damaged or damaged and may not look attractive. In addition, there is a risk of malignancy of papillary lesions. How to remove papillomas in the body and which method is the most effective? Read about it in our article.
Is it possible and necessary to remove papillomas from the body?
The need to remove neoplasms is explained by the "cleansing" of the skin from neoplasms and the prevention of skin cancer. If the basis of the removal is to improve the appearance, one request of the patient is enough.
With the instability of papillomatous growths, when the neoplasm tends to be malignant or significantly worsens the patient's quality of life, clinicians insist on surgical removal.
Instructions for removal are the following conditions:
- permanent trauma with clothes, jewelry;
- damage to the mucous membranes (oral cavity, genitals);
- neoplasms localized in the eyelids;
- growing papillomas, unstable shape, shadow;
- plantar warts.
Many patients are afraid to remove neoplasms due to various myths associated with danger, complications, severe pain and long-term rehabilitation. In fact, modern surgery virtually eliminates all these "difficulties". Modern removal methods are virtually bloodless, leave no scars or scars, and solve the problem of viral neoplasm in a radical and safe way.
Self-medication is unacceptable for several reasons:
- First, it is impossible to determine the nature of growth and its tendency to be malignant without special research.
- Second, non-sterile conditions are a direct gateway to infection and the development of complications in the area of excretion.
Which doctor removes papillomas in the body?
Treatment of human papillomavirus infection is a field of research for dermatologists, oncologists and surgeons. If papillomas are found in the anus with localization of nodular growths in the oral cavity, it is necessary to consult an ENT specialist - a proctologist.
Depending on the location of the neoplasms, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
You can get rid of papillary growths on the body of any localization by medical or surgical methods. Clinicians usually use both methods at the same time, because it is important to influence not only the tumor, but also the cause of its appearance - the activity of viral strains.
In some cases, medication alone is enough, and the external manifestations of HPV will go away on their own.
Unfortunately, there is no adequate therapy that can remove pathogenic media from the body, but the treatment of papillomas in the body for local and systemic purposes suppresses the activity of viruses, destroys the structure of growths and increases immunity.
Essential drugs for the complex destruction of human papillomavirus infection:
- antiviral agents;
- immunomodulatory drugs;
- vitamin complexes.
In case of infection or bacterial inflammation of the growths, antibiotics and antiseptics are prescribed to prevent the infection from spreading throughout the body.
Local drugs that directly affect neoplasms are of great importance. Such drugs have a drying or cauterizing effect.
Surgical methods of extraction
Modern cosmetology and apparatus surgery have several effective methods. High-quality removal virtually eliminates the risk of malignant, secondary infection of the wound surface. Rehabilitation consists only of wearing a sterile dressing and regular antiseptic treatment.
There are several basic ways to remove it from the body.
The radical method of papilloma excision is very rare and is selected for specific indications. The procedure is performed only in an inpatient setting under anesthesia.
The instructions for manipulation are as follows:
- extensive injury area;
- the impressive size of the neoplasm;
- suspicion of malignancy;
- instability and permanent trauma to the tumor.
Postoperative recovery is very long and requires regular monitoring.
The only advantage of radical removal is the ability to preserve the papillary structure and study the sample by histological methods.
It is most commonly used for cauterization of papillomas with liquid nitrogen or cryodestruction, due to the availability of the method and its low cost.
Under the influence of cold crystals, the tumor is destroyed from the inside, turns black and then disappears. The disadvantage of this method is the risk of damage to healthy tissue, as well as incomplete destruction of the papillomatous focus with an impressive size. The method is not used to remove facial neoplasms due to the possibility of scarring.
It is allowed to treat the skin with special analgesic solutions to reduce pain during manipulation.
Laser excision is one of the popular methods to treat skin growth of any localization. The laser seems to evaporate moisture from the neoplasm, affecting not only the body but also the papilloma root. The operation is performed under local anesthesia.
Given the anemia of manipulation, it is sufficient to apply a sterile dressing to the wound surface.
The equipment reliably controls the depth and intensity of laser exposure, so the risk of burns is practically eliminated. Scars or scars are very rare.
Electric current catering
Electric shock or electrocoagulation is a popular method for removing papillary lesions. High-frequency currents act on papillomatous foci, but also sclerosis of blood vessels. Manipulation is performed under local anesthesia.
Electrocoagulation of papillomas is effective against large and small growths, local and multiple neoplasms.
Disadvantages include the risk of scar tissue, the possibility of recurrence of the tumor, because in the case of electrocoagulation, the root of the growth is not removed.
Exposure to radio waves
A special knife is used for the extraction procedure, which provides radio waves. Papilloma is removed quickly without damaging healthy areas of the skin. There are no relapses at all, as well as painful sensations.
The method is effective for small neoplasms of benign nature.
Another special method of removal that requires high precision from a specialist to avoid damaging the healthy tissues around the papilloma. These drugs are based on salicylic acid, Spanish fly extract.
Popular remedies are podophylotoxin and cantharidine. Injection of antiviral drug with a mixture of glycopeptide antibiotics is injected into large growths.
Alternative medicine against papillomas
There are some effective methods to remove papillary lesions with folk remedies.
The recipes for small papillomas are based on the following ingredients:
- celandine juice;
- castor oil;
- Apple cider vinegar;
- garlic and onion juice.
The course of treatment of papillomatous lesions at home is always long, but the "grandmother's" methods do not eliminate the root cause of the rash.
It is not allowed to use aggressive disposal methods such as:
- silk thread binding:
- concentration of fire, acetic acid, gasoline and other toxic substances.
All these barbaric methods only worsen the clinical picture, causing injuries and severe damage to the skin and mucous membranes.
Which method is most effective?
Many clinicians recommend the use of laser removal in the fight against papillomatous lesions.
These are the advantages of the method:
- simultaneous sclerosis of blood vessels;
- no risk of bleeding and infection;
- impact speed;
- absence of scars, wounds;
- fast recovery;
- the possibility of removing neoplasms in the early stages of malignancy.
Disadvantages of laser removal include the high cost and the inability to maintain the papillomatous focus for further study of oncological DNA.
Any removal is important only in a specialized clinic. Specialists can correctly assess the nature of papillomas and arrange high-quality removal without the risk of complications.
How to get rid of small papillomas in the body?
Many small papillomas in the body are a sign of an intense spread of infection, an obvious weakening of the body. The mainstay of treatment is medication to stop the viral activity. After treatment, you can begin to eliminate external manifestations.
Surgical treatments are often combined to achieve maximum results. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the pathological process and the nature of the viral rash. There is no specific prophylaxis against papillomavirus infection, but clinicians recommend following simple rules: regular sex life, adequate hygiene, timely medical consultation for suspected neoplasms in the body.
Be healthy and happy!